Newfoundland At Armageddon

Credits and Special Thanks

Be a prisoner of war with James

2.

FINN, Private PETER. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A-8-45), St. John's, NL.

Bury a comrade with James

2.

FINN, Private PETER. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A-8-45), St. John's, NL.

Count Down for the Big Push with William

2.

TAYLOR, Private ALFRED PENNY. From Commonwealth War Graves Commission, "Royal Newfoundland Regiment," World War One: The War Dead of the Commonwealth (Berkshire, England: August 1998, re-published). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E-29-56), St. John's, NL.

Cross the Atlantic and discover the motherland with James

2.

FINN, Private PETER. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A-8-45), St. John's, NL.

Newfoundland Regiment leaving St. John's, Taken by Robert Palfrey Holloway, Holloway Studio (St. John's, NL). This is either the SS Florizel or the SS Stephano. The two ships were sister vessels and both were used, along with other ships, to transport Newfoundland Soldiers. The Florizel transported the First Five Hundred in October, 1914, and the Stephano transported D Company in March 1915. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E 48-60), St. John's, NL.

3.

Newfoundland Regiment Soldiers on Parade in Britain, 1915. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (VA 37-33.3), St. John's, NL.

Blue Puttees in training at Pleasantville, Sept. 1914. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division, (VA 36-28.3), St. John's, NL.

Puttees
MCG 20140438-036
Canadian War Museum.

4.

Ruby Ayre Photograph Album, p.45. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

Discover how Elizabeth becomes a Red Cross Volunteer

2.

Lady Margaret Davidson, n.d. Image reproduced from The Distaff 1916, p. 2. Courtesy of The Distaff, Memorial University, St. John's, NL.

 

Newfoundland Regiment soldiers marching at Pleasantville, St. John's, 1914. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A 8-85), St. John's, NL.

3.

Surgical dressings, n.d. The caption on the photo reads: "Surgical dressings sterilized and ready for 1,000 cases." Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Mary Southcott Collection 190), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

 

Sewing machine, Courtesy of Jenny Higgins.

4.

Rehabilitation beds at Jensen Camp attended by three nurses, n.d. Patients are lying in beds in a ward at Jensen Camp. Jensen Camp operated as an isolation hospital for veterans suffering from tuberculosis from 1916-1921. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E 25-36), St. John's, NL.

 

VAD printed propaganda, n.d. From the Ruby Ayre Album, p. 5. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

Discover the marvels of Egypt with Edward

2.

WILLAR, E. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E-29-60), St. John's, NL.

3.

Date palms in the desert, Egypt, 1916. Courtesy of the State Library of Western Australia (223549PD).

5.

Colonel Dr. Cluny Macpherson in Egypt, 1915. Courtesy of the Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A 24-155), St. John's, NL.

Historic view. Residences on Bab al-Wazir Street. Courtesy of Special Collections, Fine Arts Library, Harvard University.

Enjoy army life with Thomas

3.

Newfoundland Regiment soldiers, 1915. Newfoundland Regiment soldiers preparing for a meal. Soldiers are holding articles from their mess kit; one is holding a loaf of bread. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (VA 40-21.4), St. John's, NL.

4.

The "Flag" guard at Pleasantville, St. John's, 1914. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (Peter Dawson Collection, E 21-6), St. John's, NL.

Enlist as an underage Newfoundlander with Thomas

2.

King's Colours, First Newfoundland Regiment, n.d. Postcard printed by Western Star, June 1915. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (VA 37-29.2).


St. John's West End, n.d. The west end of St. John's became increasingly industrialized after the Great Fire of 1892. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections, QEII Library (Coll. 137.01.07.001), Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

3.

Seeking Recruits to the 1st Newfoundland Regiment, Evening Telegram August 22, 1914.Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (MG 632-1). St. John's, NL.

4.

Captain Eric Ayre. Courtesy of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment Museum Collection.

Experience Baptism by Fire with Charles

2.

O'NEILL, Private AMBROSE, From Commonwealth War Graves Commission, "Royal Newfoundland Regiment," World War One: The War Dead of the Commonwealth (Berkshire, England: August 1998, re-published). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A-38-156), St. John's, NL.

Turkish machine gun position with German officers during the fighting at the Dardanelles (Gallipoli), Turkey. Turkey (Ottoman Empire) was an ally of the Central Powers (Germany and Austria-Hungary) in World War I. 1914 - 1918. Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-S29571 / CC-BY-SA 3.0, Courtesy of the German Federal Archives.

3.

Part of B Company, 1st Newfoundland Regiment, in Front Line Trenches, Suvla Bay. Photo taken between December 22, 1915 and January 9, 1916. Courtesy of the Rooms Provincial Archives Division (VA 37-1.1), St. John's, NL.

Face the challenge of being an amputee with Thomas

2.

Prosthetic arm and leg 1915. Archives of the City of Bruxelles. CAPGM 106/1

3.

Image ID 10318691. Caption note is ‘Making wooden prosthetic limbs during World War One, c 1915-1918.' Description is ‘Postcard of workers making artificial limbs, probably photographed in the limb-making workshops associated with Queen Mary's Convalescent Auxiliary Hospital, Roehampton, London. This specialised orthopaedic hospital opened in 1915 and was mainly devoted to fitting artificial limbs to British soldiers who lost limbs during World War One, 1914-1918, of whom there were around 240,000.' Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library.

Image ID 100006, Object number 1999-0478. ‘Left metal below knee prosthesis with leather thigh corset made for a Cypriot truck driver during 1914-18 War. Made in Cyprus. View of whole object on grey background.' Science Museum/Science & Society Picture Library.

Fight a battle from behind a tank with Charles

2.

O'NEILL, Private AMBROSE, From Commonwealth War Graves Commission, "Royal Newfoundland Regiment," World War One: The War Dead of the Commonwealth (Berkshire, England: August 1998, re-published). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A-38-156), St. John's, NL.

Follow Jenna's war experience in St. John's

2.

WPA Secretary Eleanor MacPherson, Women's Patriotic Association. Image reproduced from The Newfoundland Quarterly 18.1 (1918). Courtesy of Newfoundland Quarterly, Memorial University. St. John's, NL.

Making supplies, ca. 1915, Women's Patriotic Association, St. John Ambulance Division, making supplies at Mrs. Browning's. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Mary Southcott Collection 190), Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

3.

The Drawing Room at Government House, ca. 1915.The caption on the back of the photo reads: "The Drawing Room at Government House, St. John's, NL, where meetings are held morning and afternoon every day in the week for sewing or other business for the front, [at] which Lady Davidson herself is always present. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Mary Southcott Collection 190), Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

4.

National Currency Collection, Bank of Canada Museum, Bank of Canada.

 

Box, Courtesy of Jenny Higgins.

Follow Marjorie as she trains to go overseas to the frontlines

2.

Ruby Ayre Photograph Album, p.60. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

 

Wartime Recruiting Poster
CWM 19920143-009
Canadian War Museum

 

Group photo of VAD members at Government House, n.d. Back row, third from left is Blanche Eleanor Bartlett (Jan. 17 1894 - 1973), a nurse. Blanche Bartlett was the sister of Captain Robert "Bob" Abram Bartlett. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E 25-30), St. John's, NL.

3.

Hospital tent at Pleasantville, St. John's, 1914, Taken by Robert Palfrey Holloway, Holloway Studio (St. John`s, NL). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (B 3-2), St. John's, NL.

4.

First Five Hundred on board the S.S. Florizel, at anchor in St. John's, October 4, 1914. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (NA 1249), St. John's, NL.

5.

Ruby Ayre Photograph Album, p.1. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

Follow Marjorie, a VAD in a hospital near the front lines

2.

Ruby Ayre Photograph Album, p.60. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

 

Three wounded Canadians with French Sister of Mercy, Hotel Dieu, Valenciennes. November, 1918. Adapted, Canada. Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada/PA-003549.

3.

The Dumbells' Concert Party. Formed from 3rd Canadian Division in France. The entire company in their closing number of the show. Adapted, Canada. Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada/ PA-005734.

 

Ruby Ayre Photograph Album, p.14. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

 

Sports at Lavender Farm, July 1917,From the Ruby Ayre Album, p 51. Courtesy of the Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

4.

Bringing up the Dinners, 12:15 pm, 1916. Identified as Ruby (left) and Georgie (right). From the Ruby Ayre Album, p 7. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

 

Ruby Ayre Photograph Album, p.11. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (Coll-322 1.01), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

Get ready for the Big Push with William

2.

TAYLOR, Private ALFRED PENNY. From Commonwealth War Graves Commission, "Royal Newfoundland Regiment," World War One: The War Dead of the Commonwealth (Berkshire, England: August 1998, re-published). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E-29-56), St. John's, NL.

 

Adapted from The gas helmet which our troops are equipped with. March, 1917.  Canada. Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada/ PA-000928.

Go into the Naval Reserve with Peter

2.

George Miller in naval uniform, HMS Calypso, n.d. George Herbert Miller, Royal Naval Reserve #1727X. Taken by Holloway Studio (St. John's, NL). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E-43-16), St. John's, NL.

HMS Calypso, n.d. The training ship for the Royal Naval Reserve, 1902-1922. It was renamed HMS Briton in 1916. Courtesy of the Rooms Provincial Archives Division (B 17-22), St. John's, NL.

Reservists Training on HMS Calypso, ca. 1916. Courtesy of the Maritime History Archive (PF-319.227), Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

4.

HMS Calypso, ca. 1910. In 1902, the British Admiralty assigned HMS Calypso, built 1881-1884, as training vessel for Newfoundland Royal Naval Reserve. During World War I, HMS Calypso was used to protect Newfoundland shipping routes and coast. Calypso was renamed HMS Briton in 1916. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (NA 2468), St. John's, NL.

Royal Naval Reservists, HMS Calypso, n.d. No other information available. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (F 21-14), St. John's, NL.

6.

Ships sunk by the noted German raider U-9, commanded by Capt. Weddingen, with insert photo of Capt. Lt. Otto Eduard Weddingen. Courtesy of George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress- cph.3b07260).

Join the British Royal Flying Corps with George

2.

BUGDEN, Private JOHN STANLEY. From Commonwealth War Graves Commission, "Royal Newfoundland Regiment," World War One: The War Dead of the Commonwealth (Berkshire, England: August 1998, re-published). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E-29-44), St. John's, NL.

RAF Type A roundel created by me in Inkscape. Emt147

Join the Western Front in France with George

2.

BUGDEN, Private JOHN STANLEY. From Commonwealth War Graves Commission, "Royal Newfoundland Regiment," World War One: The War Dead of the Commonwealth (Berkshire, England: August 1998, re-published). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E-29-44), St. John's, NL.

Knit socks while waiting for news from the front with Margaret

2.

Armine Gosling, 1916, Newfoundland and Labrador suffragist Armine Gosling helped form the St. John's Ladies' Reading Room in 1909 and was president of its Current Events Club. nt of its Current Events Club. Image reproduced from The Distaff 1916, p. 11. Courtesy of The Distaff, Memorial University, St. John's Newfoundland.
 

Pairs of Knitted Socks, ca. 1915. 5,276 pairs of socks knitted by the women of Newfoundland - 2nd Contingent. One pair reached a knitter's son. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections Division (Coll. 190 4.05.006), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.
 

Booklet cover, ca. 1916, Cover reads: "A Pair of Grey Socks. Facts and Fancies. Lovingly dedicated to the boys of the Newfoundland Regiment. And to every woman who has knitted a pair of grey socks. By Mrs. J. T. Duley. Verses by Margaret Duley." Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections, Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.
 

The Distaff 1916. Courtesy of The Distaff, Memorial University, St. John's Newfoundland.

3.

Casualty Lists Appeared in Local Newspapers after Beaumont Hamel, The St. John's Daily Star July 5, 1916. Courtesy of the Digital Archives Initiative, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

TAYLOR, Private, ALFRED PENNY." From Commonwealth War Graves Commission, "Royal Newfoundland Regiment," World War One: The War Dead of the Commonwealth (Berkshire, England: August 1998, re-published). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E-29-56), St. John's.

5.

Photograph of a First World War memorial plaque designed by Edward Carter Preston. The soldier commemorated is Robert Blakeley (293393) a Private in the 2nd/10th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment, who died on 19 February, 1918. He is buried in Jerusalem War Cemetery. Courtesy of GaryBlakeley.

Live in the Somme trenches with James

2.

FINN, Private PETER. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A-8-45), St. John's, NL. 

3.

Men sewing in trenches. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

Live through shell shock with Charles

2.

O'NEILL, Private AMBROSE, From Commonwealth War Graves Commission, "Royal Newfoundland Regiment," World War One: The War Dead of the Commonwealth (Berkshire, England: August 1998, re-published). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A-38-156), St. John's, NL.

Raid the German Lines with Charles

2.

O'NEILL, Private AMBROSE. From Commonwealth War Graves Commission, "Royal Newfoundland Regiment," World War One: The War Dead of the Commonwealth (Berkshire, England: August 1998, re-published). Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A-38-156), St. John's, NL.

5.

Queen's University Archives, Bert and Don Mackenzie fonds, Locator #3170, Box 1, Correspondence, Don Mackenzie to Rose, 21 September 1918.

Rescue the wounded from the front lines with Ambulance Driver Dorothy

2.

Masie Parsons, ca. 1914-1917. The Distaff 1917, p. 8. Courtesy of The Distaff, Memorial University, St. John's Newfoundland.

 

Military nurse Grace MacPherson Livingston was a volunteer Red Cross ambulance driver during WWI. Praised for remaining calm under pressure, she was responsible for bringing many soldiers to safety despite bombings and horrific road conditions. Adapted, Canada. Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada/PA-1305.

 

Ford Model T Field Ambulance 1916 canvas on wood frame model used extensively by the British & French as well as the American Expeditionary Force in The Great War. Top speed 45mph from a 4 cylinder water cooled engine. Courtesy of Wyrdlight.

3.

Rendering first aid to a wounded Canadian soldier. Adapted, Canada. Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada/PA-003231.

Return home after the war with Dorothy

2.

Masie Parsons, ca. 1914-1917. The Distaff 1917, p. 8. Courtesy of The Distaff, Memorial University, St. John's Newfoundland.

3.

Growler (Antarctic). Courtesy of Serge Ouachée.

Postcard of St. John's harbour (Dicks & Co., 1910), collection of Andrew Cunningham.

WWI soldier facial reconstruction documentation photograph, ca. 1920 / American Red Cross, photographer. Anna Coleman Ladd papers, circa 1881-1950. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

4.

Newfoundland and Labrador Suffragists, ca. 1920s, Women in Newfoundland and Labrador won the right to vote and run for public office in April 1925 after decades of lobbying government officials and promoting their cause on the public stage. Courtesy of Gertrude Crosbie and Archives and Special Collections (Collection 158), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

Fannie McNeil, ca. 1910, with her husband, Hector, and daughters Betty and Margaret. Courtesy of Archives and Special Collections (William Knowling, Collection MF-276), QE II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

Tend the wounded on the front lines with Grace, a Canadian nurse

2.

Two Canadian nurses pose in service dress uniforms.

George Metcalf Archival Collection

MCG 19920085-353

Canadian War Museum

 

Field Sign

CWM 19390001-726

Canadian War Museum

3.

Wounded soldiers, probably Canadians, in admission area of No. 2 Canadian General Hospital. Adapted, Canada. Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada/PA-149309.

 

Forges-les-Eaux, France, c. 1918-04. A medical orderly, Major Davidson and Sister Lynette Crozier, a Bluebird, applying a dressing to the leg of a wounded French soldier, at a mobile hospital south-west of Amiens. The hospital was established by Mrs Bordern Turner, a rich American woman, to operate behind the lines on the Western Front. In 1917-18 she employed, through the Australian Red Cross, four Australians to nurse wounded French soldiers. These were Sisters Crozier, Minnie Hough, Hilda Loxton and Wallace. They were among twenty trained civilian nurses who volunteered in Australia in 1916 for service in French hospitals. They were called the Bluebirds because of their blue veil and were sent to the Western Front by the NSW Branch of the Australian Red Cross and were sponsored by the NSW Jockey Club. (Original album print held in the AWM archive store) (Donor H. Loxton). P01790.001. Courtesy of the Australian War Memorial.

4.

Surgical Instrument Set
MCG 19740049-001
Canadian War Museum

 

Beziers, France. 1918-03-20. A surgical operation in progress in the operating theatre of French hospital no. 46 in southern France during World War 1. A surgeon and his assistant are operating. Two 'bluebird' nurses are also in attendance, Sister Dorothy Ellena Duffy acting as anaesthetist. The Sisters were part of a group of twenty civilian trained nurses, from New South Wales, who volunteered to serve in France for the Australian Red Cross during World War 1. They were known as 'Bluebirds' because of their distinctive blue uniforms. P02298.008. Courtesy of the Australian War Memorial.

Understand wartime hardships with cable operator Laura

2.

National Currency Collection, Bank of Canada Museum, Bank of Canada.

Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division ( SANL 1.26.02.001) , St. John's. NL.

Women working on flakes, n.d. Women's economic roles in the fishing industry were extremely important in 19th-century Newfoundland and Labrador. ,Photographer unknown. Reproduced by permission of Archives and Special Collections (Coll. 137 03.07.006), Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University, St. John's, NL.

Haystack Houses and Gardens, ca. 1915, Haystack, Placentia Bay. Gardens were important to the household economy. Photographer unknown. Reproduced by permission of the Maritime History Archive (PF-285.011), Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

3.

Une partie des employés de l'Anglo American Telegraph Company, Limited. Station côtière de Heart's Content, Terre-Neuve, vers 1872. Western Union Telegraph Company, Centre d'archives, Musée national de l'histoire américaine, Institut Smithsonian.

Instrument, Heart's Content Cable Station, Courtesy of Sharon Del Rosario.

4.

Album de photographies de Ruby Ayre, p. 45. Avec l'autorisation de la Division des archives et collections spéciales (Coll. 322 1.01), Bibliothèque de la Reine Elizabeth II, Université Memorial, Saint-Jean, T.-N.

5.

Royal Naval Reservists on a wharf adjacent to HMS Calypso, ca. 1914. Courtesy of Darrell Hillier, St. John's, NL.

City of St. John's Archives (O'Mara collection, images 01-41-133 and 01-41-137), photos as seen on the Heritage Newfoundland website.

Visit Beaumont-Hamel 7 years later with James

2.

FINN, Private PETER. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A-8-45), St. John's, NL.

Beaumont-Hamel (Somme, France), Les tranchées. Courtesy of Amanda Slater, from Coventry (England).
 

Victor Gordon, High Commissioner at Beaumont Hamel, France, July, 1926. Sir William Lamond Allardyce, Elsie Elizabeth Allardyce and Captain Victor Gordon, High Commissioner for Newfoundland in front of base of Newfoundland War Memorial, Beaumont Hamel. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (A 11-167), St. John's, NL.
 

3.

Opening of the Newfoundland Memorial Park, Beaumont-Hamel, France, 7 june 1925. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (NA 3106), St. John's, NL.
 

Beaumont-Hamel, Newfoundland's Memorial. Courtesy of APictche.  

4.

Wood Forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica) flowers. April 2004. Essex, England. Courtesy of Sannse.


Coquelicot, Courtesy of Erwan (R1).

Walk into a blizzard of bullets with Edward

2.

WILLAR, E. Courtesy of The Rooms Provincial Archives Division (E-29-60), St. John's, NL.

Special thanks to Hugo Vassal for the use of images from his collection L'Illustration (1914-1919).